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In this Issue
EC Message Notes from the Industry NAPPO Workshops
EC Meeting Annual Mtg. 2015 Other Events
Annual Mtg. 2014 Update on NAPPO Standards Phyto Alert System
Faces of NAPPO IPPC Contest  

Message from the Executive Committee

As many of you know, NAPPO has embarked on a number of important organizational changes intended to streamline and focus its mission and activities as well as to ensure new and fresh leadership going into the future.  We have a new strategic plan and soon we will be in a new headquarters office in Raleigh, North Carolina. The NAPPO Executive Committee (EC), together with the Secretariat, would like to thank all of you for your continued active engagement in the NAPPO work program and the ideas you have shared while we work through these changes. 

NAPPO is well-known in international phytosanitary circles for the active, ongoing  involvement of its stakeholders.  We value and rely on this close collaborative relationship with industry, and remain committed to maintaining and leveraging this unique and essential relationship in NAPPO’s activities. Industry involvement in NAPPO’s standard setting work has guaranteed the successful preparation of standards and other documents of relevance to the region and beyond.

In order to continue strengthening the relationship with industry and improve transparency in communications, the NAPPO Secretariat has proposed to include in its newsletter a section sharing the latest from the Executive Committee and a column for industry input. This is the first of such editions. We would like to start out by providing more information on how new projects are identified and how  the annual NAPPO work programs are prepared. This is important because it is where countries and the industry have a direct opportunity to submit initiatives or projects on behalf of their respective commodity sectors. 

To begin with, as many of you know, a significant adjustment was made in 2014 in the process used to gather proposals and prioritize projects for the next annual work program. 

The goal is to ensure the most efficient use of NAPPO and member country resources based on a transparent and focused selection of projects prioritized through criteria predefined by the three countries. NAPPO has developed a process to facilitate the preparation of relevant proposals and their evaluation for prioritization.  During the annual call for proposals, each country’s national plant protection organization (NPPO) and Industry Advisory Group (IAG) representative reach out to industry groups to inform them of the process. 

These initial proposals are internally reviewed by the NPPO, and forwarded to the Secretariat, which compiles and translates them for further discussion by all stakeholders at the Annual Meeting. 

The NAPPO EC approves the NAPPO work program after the Annual Meeting. Once projects are prioritized, experts are then nominated by the countries’ NPPO and industry according to the topic area. When the project is finalised, the expert group (EG) is disbanded.

There is opportunity for industry input at various points in this process:

  • At the beginning, by analysing its needs and proposing projects.
  • During discussions on the proposals at the Annual Meeting, which will serve to clarify and expand on the proposals.
  • By ensuring that there is an industry representative from each country on the expert groups that are formed to work on the approved projects.

Industry involvement in the standard setting process is essential and will continue to be a key feature and norm of NAPPO business going into the future. We invite you to visit the NAPPO website often for updates on the Annual Meeting and the next round of project preparation.

We remain constantly open to suggestions on how to improve the implementation of NAPPO’s mission. Feel free to contact us directly, through your country IAG or Working Group member, or the Secretariat.

Lastly, we want to take this opportunity to thank Rebecca Lee, the Acting Executive Director, for her energetic and steadfast efforts to oversee and manage the ongoing work at NAPPO, especially during this time of transition.  Rebecca has been a vigorous advocate of assuring that NAPPO standards work always draws on the best technical expertise from the three countries’ plant protection agencies, but also ensuring that standards reflect the best practical and operational input from industry.  We appreciate and thank Rebecca and her team for their services and their efforts to maintain a strong relationship with our industry colleagues.


Greg Wolff
Executive Committee Member

Osama El-Lissy,
Executive Committee Member
United States

Javier Trujillo Arriaga
Executive Committee Member


NAPPO Executive Committee Held Productive Meeting in March

This March, the NAPPO Executive Committee (EC) met and approved protocols, discussed other documents, planned communication activities to support NAPPO’s important relationship with industry and determined information to share with the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC).

Documents Discussed, Approved and Archived

  • The EC discussed the need for revisions in treatment protocol (TP) 01 on Thermotherapy. They will add this protocol to the NAPPO work program in order to address the revisions and verify the content is consistent between the Spanish and English versions.
  • The EC also approved TP 02, Shoot-tip micrografting (revised) and surveillance protocol (SP) 02, Trapping Protocols for Pests of Fruit entering into NAPPO Member Countries.
  • The EC decided to archive the draft Science and Technology document, recommended phytosanitary control measures in the event of a Lobesia botrana outbreak within the NAPPO region.  The information in this document is outdated; however, the region will continue to monitor the pest.


From left to right: Andrew Morse, Canada Industry; Greg Wolff, EC Canada, John Greifer; US, Osama El-Lissy, EC US; Stephanie Dubon, WG US; Steve Côté, WG Canada; Ana Lilia Montealegre, WG Mexico; Javier Trujillo, EC Mexico; Rebecca Lee, NAPPO; and Craig Regelbrugge, US Industry.

Communication with Industry

  • NAPPO is unique in the international plant protection community because of the active participation of the private sector in its activities and a NAPPO priority is to strengthen interaction with industry. The EC believes that stronger ties between government and industry will lead to increased mitigation of plant health risks. Therefore, the EC decided to send the members of the NAPPO Industry Advisory Group a letter in recognition of their relationship and with the offer to work together on finding more ways to collaborate.
  • The NAPPO work plan includes a project to address communications. The EC decided to strengthen the Communications Expert Group (EG) membership and expand the scope of the communications project to emphasize communications with industry. In addition they decided that the EG will, with the support of the NAPPO Working Group (WG), develop a long term communication plan that will include improving the process of sharing documents. The EG will also work on ideas to further reach out to stakeholders. As of this edition, you will see a section in the NAPPO newsletter dedicated to inform you of NAPPO’s interaction with industry.
  • NAPPO considers industry involvement in their standard setting process as essential. This process facilitates the development and adoption of standards that are flexible, practical and useful. During the country consultation period, industry has a chance to participate.  During 2016, the WG, while revising RSPM 6 on standard setting will clarify the project selection process and define the role of industry in the development and amendment of RSPMs.
Relations with the IPPC
  • The NAPPO Science and Technology document (ST) 05,  Review of heat treatment of wood and wood packaging which is currently on the NAPPO website will also be shared on the International Phytosanitary Portal (IPPC website).
  • Canada presented a paper, with NAPPO’s support, related to the implementation of International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) 15 (2009), Regulation on wood packaging in international trade at the Tenth Session of the IPPC Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM-10). The EC supports this strategy due to the significant, global level of non-compliance with this standard.
The NAPPO Executive Committee meets at least three times a year.  Their next meeting is scheduled for August, 2015

NAPPO Annual Meeting 2014 - Huatulco, Oaxaca - Mexico

The North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) held its 38th Annual Meeting on October 20-24, 2014 in Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico; the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fish and Food (SAGARPA) organized this event, through the National Service for Plant Health, Safety and Agri-food Quality (SENASICA), Plant Health General Directorate. There were 143 participants from 10 countries: Canada, the United States, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, El Salvador, Guatemala, Uruguay, Costa Rica and Mexico. There were 20 presentations and over 40 industry associations participated

Members from NAPPO’s sister organizations such as the International Regional Organization for Plant and Animal Health (OIRSA), Regional Plant Health Committee for the Southern Cone (COSAVE), as well as the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), attended this Annual Meeting. They also participated in a joint meeting with the NAPPO Executive Committee to identify projects of mutual interest.

NAPPO, OIRSA and COSAVE are regional plant protection organizations recognized by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), which have similar missions regarding phytosanitary protection and trade facilitation at the international level. They represent neighbouring regions with high levels of trade and tourism activities, which in turn bring higher risks of spreading quarantine pests at the intraregional level. This heightens the need to effectively coordinate the protection of natural resources without affecting trade and movement of individuals; hence, the importance of maintaining a close collaboration with these organizations.

During the Annual Meeting, concurrent industry and government sessions were held by country: Canada, United States and Mexico, and later on a combined government-industry session took place in which all participated. Independent growers and representatives from organized industry groups were invited to these meetings where information was exchanged in order to better identify priorities and specific issues as possible NAPPO assignments for 2015.

The symposium during the 38th NAPPO Annual Meeting centered on "Electronic phytosanitary certificationFrom concepts to implementation", where internationally renowned experts shared their knowledge and provided the expected benefits of their applications.

The annual meeting provided participants an opportunity to hear about NAPPO achievements from the previous year, with reports from several expert groups on their achievements and planned objectives. At the same time, the Executive Committee recognized that the new financial challenges will need NAPPO’s effort to adapt to the changing needs and resources.

We thank the private sector from the United States, Canada and Mexico for their enthusiastic participation during this event, as well as all their contributions during the expert groups meetings. This important sector is the end user of NAPPO regional standards, many of them eventually become national standards.

For additional information on the presentations given during the 38th NAPPO Annual Meeting, please visit the following link:

Ana Lilia Montealegre, Working Group Member, Mexico

Faces of NAPPO
Incoming Executive Director of NAPPO: Dr. Stephanie Bloem


We are pleased to announce that the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) has selected Dr. Stephanie Bloem as NAPPO’s new Executive Director. In this role, she will manage the NAPPO Secretariat’s human and financial resources while leading the fulfilment of the NAPPO Executive Committee’s strategic plan and priority goals for North America.

Stephanie was born in Mexico City and grew-up in Guatemala. She has a Licenciatura Degree in Biology from Universidad del Valle de Guatemala in Guatemala City, and a Doctorate in Entomology from the University of California at Davis. She is completely bilingual/bi-literate in English and Spanish, and she can read, understand and speak (at a basic level) French, Italian and Portuguese. Stephanie has lived and held professional positions in Guatemala, Canada and the United States and has conducted cooperative research projects, completed consultancies and short-term sabbaticals, and organized and delivered training, capacity building and mentoring programs in numerous countries in Africa, Asia, North, Central and South America, and Europe.

In her current position as Risk Analyst, she provides analytical support through the development and review of pest risk analysis documents for import and export of agricultural commodities for consumption and propagation, and reviews specifications and draft international and regional standards for phytosanitary measures.

Her responsibilities as Training Specialist include designing, developing and delivering educational and training materials in the area of Regulatory Plant Science and Pest Risk Analysis. Stephanie is also responsible for leading and coordinating PERAL’s yearly Risk Analysis workshop, where herself and anywhere from five to ten additional lecturers deliver presentations and lead exercises.

From 2007-2010, Stephanie was responsible for developing, updating and teaching two upper-level University classes in regulatory plant protection ("Challenges in Plant Resource Protection" and “Fundamentals of Pest Risk Analysis”). At the height of this effort, the classes were taught through simultaneous live-video conference to graduate and undergraduate students belonging to anywhere from two to seven academic institutions in the United States and abroad. The class syllabi included lectures on the key functional areas of an NPPO, including its legislative, regulatory, technical and scientific capacities; the relationship of an NPPO to the international regulatory framework including the World Trade Organization, the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures, and the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC); and the role and responsibilities of NPPOs in their Regional Plant Protection Organizations.

Prior to joining USDA-APHIS-PPQ Stephanie conducted basic and applied research in the area of Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), inherited sterility, area-wide pest management and quality control for Mediterranean and Mexican fruit flies, date moth, codling moth, false codling moth and cactus moth. The results of this work have been published in 50+ multi-authored peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, and proceedings.

 Expert Groups Members and Industry Representatives

 AQuezada.jpg Andrés Quezada Salinas, has a PhD in Plant Pathology from the school of Graduate Studies (Mexico). From 2011 to 2012 he was the Head of the Department for Tracking Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). He was responsible for coordinating, studying, improving and implementing changes in the procedure to issue GMOs environmental release permits. He was a Research Scientist for the barley program at the National Institute of Forestry, Agricultural, and Livestock Research (INIFAP) supporting the development of malting barley for Mexico.

He presently works for SENASICA, Plant Health General Directorate, National Phytosanitary Reference Center and his main activities are delimitation, containment, and eradication of regulated pests based on timely detection, developing support documents for technical staff and implementing mocking exercises for regulated pest detections.

He is a distinguished member of the National System of Researchers in Mexico.  He is a member of the NAPPO Expert Group on Grains.

Juan José Acevedo Alvarez, obtained his Master in Sciences and degree as Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science; he has studied veterinary epidemiology and agro-food safety in Mexico and abroad.

Juan Jose participated, as the official veterinarian, in emergency operations to control and eradicate diseases and exotic pests in Mexico, such as the “small hive beetle (Aethina tumida M.)”. He has also provided training nationally and internationally on different diseases that affect livestock species.


He is presently the Deputy Director for Systems and Emergency Planning in the Mexico-United States Commission for the prevention of foot-and-mouth disease and other exotic animal diseases under SENASICA/SAGARPA, Animal Health General Directorate.

He has been a member of the NAPPO Biological Control Expert Group since 2014.



Andrew Morse is the Plant Health and Trade Manager for Flowers Canada Growers, Canada’s national trade association representing Canadian growers of cut flowers, potted plants, bedding plants and propagative material. In this role, Andrew has worked closely with both CFIA and Canadian flower growers to meet and exceed the phytosanitary requirements for international trade of ornamental plants. Andrew has provided industry input to several regulatory consultation processes, and worked to improve the phytosanitary and biosecurity knowledge of Canadian flower farmers.

Andrew has worked to bridge the gap between industry and government on many issues related to ornamental horticulture. Some of these issues include: the Canadian Greenhouse Certification Program, soil-free requirements for importation of flower bulbs, Chrysanthemum White Rust, NAPPRA regulations, and biosecurity. Andrew has managed numerous industry events aimed at collecting input from or educating flower farmers on issues related to international trade and plant health.

Andrew received an M.Sc. in Environmental Biology from the University of Guelph in Guelph, Ontario, Canada in 2009.  His thesis research examined the role of floral volatiles in pollination of greenhouse tomato.  In 2014 Andrew was appointed to a volunteer role on the NAPPO Industry Advisory Group.  

Notes from the Industry

Lin Schmale honoured with Executive Director's Award.

Our esteemed colleague Lin Schmale, who has served as senior director of government relations at the Society of American Florists (SAF) for over 20 years, was honoured with the Executive Director’s Award for her contributions to NAPPO at the 2014 Annual Meeting in Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico.

In a fitting break from NAPPO tradition, but in keeping with local custom and especially fitting for Lin, she was presented with a beautiful Oaxacan black pottery vase. Because Lin had been unable to travel to the meeting, I was pleased to accept the award in her honour. And I eventually remembered to tell her about it!

Lin has been a constant presence in NAPPO since her first annual meeting in Veracruz, Mexico in 1996. She has attended literally dozens of annual meetings, industry advisory group and panel meetings, and other functions ever since. She has represented the industry on the Plants for Planting and Invasive Species panels, as well as the team which developed the “pathways” standard.


In terms of accomplishments, Lin is perhaps best known for her tireless work toward the development of the certification program for geranium cuttings produced offshore for export to the U.S.  The program enabled continued access to cuttings while safeguarding other U.S. agricultural interests from a pathogen of quarantine concern.  The program serves as a template for expanded cooperative efforts involving the NAPPO member countries to facilitate trade in plants for planting while safeguarding plant resources. 

“I am grateful to NAPPO for what we have accomplished working together, for the years of special relationships, and the many memories,” Lin says.  One such memory she would just as soon forget was the time she ventured into the ice box known as Ottawa, Canada for a February panel meeting, only to find that Ian McDonell had managed to slip away to a different panel meeting in warm, sunny Mexico.  “No justice there,” Lin observed.  

One of her more amusing encounters took place at the Veracruz meeting. Colleague Howard Singletary wanted to buy an authentic pair of Mexican boots.  We all jumped in a taxi and headed south toward the then-largely-rural area around Boca del Rio. We soon found ourselves at a marina.  It took a few minutes to figure out what had gone wrong.  Her Spanish was very much a work in progress then, and Lin had told the driver we wanted to buy “botes” (boats) rather than “botas” (boots). 

Lin’s years of involvement have rewarded her with a plethora of professional relationships and scores of special friendships.  She especially wishes to thank Christina Devorshak, who served in the critical role of acting executive director during a pivotal time of change, and technical director Rebecca Lee, who brought to NAPPO a floral industry background, has been a consistent and dedicated contributor ever since, and is now serving as acting executive director. 

"I am a little overwhelmed at this recognition," Schmale says. "Working with NAPPO has been important for our industry, but it also has been very much a work of love."

By Craig J. Regelbrugge,  AmericanHort

2015 NAPPO annual Meeting in Memphis, Tennessee, USA

Save the Date: 26-30 October 2015

Greg Wolff (Canada), Javier Trujillo (Mexico), and Osama El-Lissy (USA) of the NAPPO Executive Committee cordially invite you to attend the 39th NAPPO Annual Meeting to be held from 26-30 October 2015, in Memphis, Tennessee, USA.  This year’s meeting symposium, “Innovations in Pest Risk Management”, is an industry favorite!
The NAPPO Annual Meeting provides an excellent opportunity for industry and plant health officials to interact with their colleagues and counterparts and to learn about new and exciting activities taking  place in the NAPPO region.
Sheraton.jpg   You can find more information about the meeting (such as hotel and local information) on the NAPPO Annual Meeting webpage. The agenda, speakers, and registration information will be available soon.

For more information, contact Stephanie Dubon at stephanie.m.dubon(at)

Don’t miss out on this great opportunity: save these dates now! 

IPPC "Pests without Borders" photography contest results

The IPPC Exhibition "Pests without Borders" was inaugurated during the CPM10 cocktail and any organization willing to obtain this exhibition for display is kindly invited to contact the IPPC.

For further information, please see the note about this exhibition:

The IPPC has been the object of an article in the National Geographic blog "the Plate":

Please feel free to share these websites!

Update on NAPPO standards and other documents

Approved, under review and in development 2014-2015

Revised RSPMs approved in 2014 

  • RSPM 21, A harmonized procedure for morphologically distinguishing teliospores of Karnal bunt from ryegrass bunt, rice smut and similar smuts
  • RSPM 28, Guidelines for authorization of entities to perform phytosanitary services

New RSPM approved in 2014

  • RSPM 40, Principles of pest risk management for the import of commodities

Other documents approved in 2014

  • DP 03, Morphological identification of spider mites (Tetranychidae) affecting imported fruits
  • Position no. 6, Heat treatment of wood and wood packaging

Other documents finalized in 2014

  • ST 05, Review of heat treatment of wood and wood packaging

Documents archived in 2014

  • RSPM 32, Pest risk assessment for plants for planting as quarantine pests(superceded by ISPM 11)

Documents approved in 2015

  1. TP 02, Shoot-tip micrografting (revised)
  2. SP 02, Trapping protocols for pests of fruit entering into NAPPO member countries

Documents expected to be finalized in 2015

  • DD, Management of Huanglongbing and its vector, the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri
  • Specifications for a standard on the potential use of systems approaches in managing pest risks associated with the movement of forest products
  • Template for identifying new and emerging citrus quarantine pests
  • Pest report  - Citrus leprosis virus
  • RSPM 7, Guidelines for petition for first release of non-indigenous phytophagous biological control agents (revised)
  • RSPM 12, Guidelines for petition for first release of non-indigenous entomophagous biological control agents (revised)
  • RSPM 13, Guidelines to establish, maintain and verify Karnal Bunt pest free areas in North America (revised)
  • RSPM 29, Guidelines for the petition for import and release of non-Apis pollinating insects into NAPPO countries (revised)

 RSPMs under revision

  • RSPM 3, Movement of potatoes into a NAPPO member country- Annex 6: Pre-shipment testing for PVY
  • RSPM 17, Guidelines for the establishment, maintenance and verification of fruit fly pest free areas in North America
  • RSPM 18, Guidelines for phytosanitary action following detection of plum pox virus.
  • RSPM 26, Certification of commercial arthropod biological control agents moving into NAPPO member countries
  • RSPM 33, Guidelines for regulating the movement of ships and cargo from areas infested with the Asian gypsy moth
  • RSPM 35, Guidelines for the movement of stone and pome fruit trees and grapevines into a NAPPO member country

Other documents in development

  1. Discussion document on diversion from intended use
  2. Science and Technology paper on the risks associated with Lymantriids of potential concern to the NAPPO region
  3. Annexes to RSPM 36, Phytosanitary guidelines for the movement of seed
  4. NAPPO communication plan
Source: Rebecca Lee, NAPPO Acting Executive Director
Return to Index  
IPPC "Pests without Borders" photography contest results

The IPPC Exhibition "Pests without Borders" was inaugurated during the CPM10 cocktail and any organization willing to obtain this exhibition for display is kindly invited to contact the IPPC.

For further information, please see the note about this exhibition:

The IPPC has been the object of an article in the National Geographic blog "the Plate":

Please feel free to share these websites!


Online and classroom risk analysis training offered through JIFSAN (Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition)

Notice of NAPPO Workshops

Preparation of Petitions for First Release of Entomophagous Biological Control Agents

This workshop will provide guidance to biological control producers:

  • on the studies needed to generate and interpret data required for a petition;
  • on preparation of a petition for submission to regulatory authorities; and
  • to identify research needs to support assessment of candidate commercial biological control agents.
Dates: July 7 & 8, 2015
Location: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
K.W. Neatby Building, 960 Carling Ave.
Ottawa, ON  , Canada
2015 NAPPO Seed Workshop
This workshop will provide attendees with a forum to discuss and prioritize seed health issues related to seed import requirements. The results from this workshop will be used to plan the activities of the NAPPO Seed Expert Group through 2016.

Dates: July 28 & 29, 2015

Location:  4700 Riverdale Road, Riverdale
Maryland 20737 - USA

Other Events

Canadian Society for Ecology and Evolution – 10th Annual Meeting
May 21-25, 2015

Canadian Society of Microbiologists 65th Annual Conference 
University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan
June 15-18, 2015

APS Caribbean Division Meeting
July 19-23, 2015
Mexico City, Mexico.

Canadian Phytopathological Society joint meeting with Plant Canada, Botanical Society of America and Mycological Society of America
July 24-29, 2015.
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 

2015 APS Annual Meeting “Crossroads in Science”
August 1-5, 2015
Pasadena, California
IPPC (International Plant Protection Congress).
August 24-27, 2015. 
Berlin, Germany. 

Entomology 2015, ESA 63d Annual Meeting
November 15-18, 2015
Minneapolis, Minnesota
"Synergy in Science: Partnering for Solutions"
The Entomological Society of America will co-locate their Annual Meeting with the American Society of Agronomy, the Crop Science Society of America, and the Soil Science Society of America

Forest Pest Management Forum
December 2015
Ottawa, Canada

Beyond 2015

2016 APS Annual Meeting
July 30 – August 3, 2016
Tampa, Florida

XXV International Congress of Entomology
Orlando, Florida, USA
September 25-30, 2016

11th International Congress of Plant Pathology. Celebrating 50 years
Boston, MA, USA
July 29 – August 3, 2018

XXX International Horticulture Congress
August 12-16, 2018
Istambul, Turkey

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May 2015
Published by The North American Plant Protection Organization
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